Bullae : Scarab / seal
It appears that a Scarab and a Bullae serve the same purpose.
From "The Jewish Encyclopedia"
In a Jerusalem excavations from the 10th century.. above a plaster floor were found a group of pottery vessels, some of unique forms, bronze and iron arrowheads, and 50 clay bullae which had been baked by the fire of the destruction in 586 B.C.E., most of them with readable names, for example, "(belonging) to Benayahu son of Hoshayahu" . and "Gemaryahu son of Shaphan,"
From "The Jewish Encyclopedia"
The Babylonian and Persian Periods (586333 B.C.E.) A collection of 65 clay sealings (bullae) and two seals were found in the vicinity of Jerusalem. The precise circumstances of the discovery are unknown, but it is evident that they belonged to an archive. Among the sealings are impressions of the seals of the Persian province of Judea (Yehud), of "Elnathan the Governor," "Jeremai the Scribe" and numerous private seals. One of the two seals bears the name of the province and the other reads: "Belonging to Shlomith maidservant of Elnathan the Governor.
The precise circumstances of the discovery are unknown?
Can you believe it, little pieces of clay that can be forged by any one with no way to determine if it is legitimate or forged.. little pieces of clay that can be sold for tens of thousands of dollars... AND IT IS NOT KNOWN WHO, WHEN, EXACTLY WHERE THESE PIECES WERE FOUND?
A collection of 65 priceless bullae just pop up in a museum and no one has a clue how they got there or where they came from... peeee U. It doesn't seem to pass the smell test.
Bullae or Scarab which just happened to belong to some ancient authority of great importance... found where?
If these small items did belong to an ancient of great importance, we might first ask WHERE were they found.
If they found a seal that belonged to King Solomon:
a) We could look in that place and assume that is where Solomon lived.
b) If it were found in an area in a village where the commoners lived, we could guess that Solomon was there on a visit, stubbed his toe and the seal fell out of his pocket.
If any piece said to have belonged to an ancient of great importance and it is found in an place where they did not live, the red flags are raised.
A Scarab belonging to a Hyksos king named Apophis or A bullae belonging to King Hezekiah ... What are the odds of finding any of their personal items in an excavation of residents of the common people?
If we can locate where a famous ancient lived or where they were buried, it is ONLY in that precise location where any of their personal belongings could possibly be found.
Bullae-Scarab, between the size of a tennis ball and a walnut shell divided in half. Can you imagine some ancient king misplacing their seal and 4000 years later some one finding it 1 ... 5 ... 10 miles away from where that king lived?
It is essential to know exactly where a piece was found to determine if there is even the slightest possibility that it belonged to some ancient ruler.
If some one claims to have found the pillow of King Tut, that is the place he lived or the place he was buried, or it is not the pillow of Tut at all.
If it is attributed to some important person, in a place they did not live, your question is what are the chances the guy dropped the object a mile or 10 miles from where they lived ... then some guy dug it up under a pile of dirt, 4000 years later?
Some 'archeologist' dug up a Scarab belonging to a Hyksos king named Apophis. If it was found in an area where the commoners lived then it is not property lost by an ancient ruler !